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High Level visits

Brief on India-Myanmar Relations

India shares a long land border of over 1600 Km with Myanmar as well as a maritime boundary in the Bay of Bengal. Four north-eastern states viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram share boundary with Myanmar. Both countries share a heritage of religious, linguistic and ethnic ties. Further, Myanmar is the only ASEAN country adjoining India and, therefore, our gateway to South East Asia with which we are seeking greater economic integration through India's 'Look East' and now 'Act East' Policy. Business opportunities that emerge from a surging economy in Myanmar also provide new vistas for engagement. Building on our civilizational relationship, since the 1990s India adopted a policy of working on improved Government-to-Government relations. The landslide victory by Aung San Suu Kyi-led National League for Democracy (NLD) in November 2015 general elections and the formation of NLD government has provided opportunities to further strengthen the engagement building on our previous efforts.

Various institutional mechanisms have infused dynamism to the bilateral ties. The first meeting of the India-Myanmar Joint Consultative Commission (JCC) co-chaired by EAM and Myanmar Foreign Minister U Wunna Maung Lwin was held (July 16, 2015, New Delhi). Development cooperation, security, trade & commerce, consular, defence and cultural matters were among issues discussed. Secretary-level meetings include Foreign Office Consultations at the level of Foreign Secretary/Dy Foreign Minister.

The 16th Foreign Office Consultations were held on May 25, 2017 between Foreign Secretary Dr. S. Jaishankar and Myanmar MOS for Foreign Affairs U Kyaw Tin when issues pertaining to boundary, security & border management, connectivity, trade & investment, Indian Line of Credit, among other issues were reviewed. The 21th National Level Meeting (NLM) at Home Secretary/ Dy. Home Minister-level was held on 5-6 July 2017, Nay Pyi Taw. Joint Secretary-level meetings include Sectoral Level Meetings (SLM) led by MHA (22nd SLM; 19-20 Dec 2016, Mandalay), Regional Border Committee Meetings (RBC) at Indian GOC 3 Corps-level and Myanmar NW Regional Commander (11th RBC; 25-29 Oct 2017, Imphal); 2nd Joint Boundary Working Group, established to discuss boundary matters, met on 21-22 September 2017, Dehradun and Director Survey-level meeting was held on 27-28 October 2017 at Tamu. Commercial issues are discussed in Joint Trade Committee (JTC) held at Commerce Minister-level (on 27 June 2017, N.Delhi). JWG on Border Trade and Border Haats, Railways and Shipping are held to discuss connectivity-related issues.

High-level Visits

The State Visit to Myanmar of Prime Minister Narendra Modi (5-7 September 2017), when he visited Nay Pyi Taw, Yangon and Bagan, further led to strengthening of political relationship as well as enhancing people to people ties. Eleven agreements were signed in varied areas such as maritime cooperation, culture, health, police, HRD, election commissions and press councils. Discussions between the two sides focused on issues pertaining to security, terrorism, boundary, defence cooperation, HRD, infrastructure-development projects, energy, and trade and investment. He addressed the Indian community in Yangon, where is highlighted the historic ties as well as unveiled initiatives of interest to the community.

Previously, PM Rajiv Gandhi visited Myanmar in 1987; Sr. Gen. Than Shwe visited India twice in 2004 and 2010; President Abdul Kalam in 2006, Vice Sr. Gen. Maung Aye in 2008, Vice President Ansari in 2009 and President U Thein Sein in Oct 2011 and Dec 2012. Then PM Dr. Manmohan Singh’s State Visit to Myanmar took place in May 2012, apart from other Agreements and MOUs, an Agreement on USD 500 million Line of Credit was signed with then President U Thein Sein. Currently, India's commitment to Myanmar's development stands at over US$ 1.726 billion, which is more than the assistance offered by many other countries.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended the 12th ASEAN-India Summit and 9th East Asia Summit (Nov 11-13, 2014, Nay Pyi Taw). During the visit, PM called on then President U Thein Sein, met Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and interacted with over 300 members of the PIO community. EAM Sushma Swaraj attended 4th East Asia Summit FMM and 21st ASEAN Regional Forum Ministerial Meeting (August 08-10, 2014, NPT) and visited on August 11, 2014. In a demonstration of India’s support to the peace process NSA attended the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement ceremony as signatory witness on October 15, 2015.

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi-led NLD Government was sworn-in on 30 March 2016. MOS (I/C) for Commerce & Industry Nirmala Sitharaman visited Yangon leading the first high-level foreign business delegation on May 18-20, 2016 and addressed the Business Conclave. NSA visited Myanmar as Special Envoy of Prime Minister on 16 June 2016 and met President U Htin Kyaw and Daw Suu Kyi. MOS Shri V.K. Singh met the State Counsellor on the sidelines of 14th India-ASEAN FMM (26 July 2016, Vientiane, Laos). EAM visited Nay Pyi Taw on 22 August 2016 and had warm interactions with State Counsellor and the President, underlining India’s support for Myanmar. PM Narendra Modi met the State Counsellor on the sidelines of 14th India-ASEAN Summit and 11th East Asia Summit on 8 Sept 2016 in Vientiane.

Myanmar President U Htin Kyaw undertook a State Visit to India from August 27-30, 2016. During the visit President U Htin Kyaw held wide-ranging discussions with Rashtrapatiji and Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Four documents were signed: MOU on Cooperation in Traditional Medicine, Renewable Energy, Construction of 69 bridges in the Tamu-Kyigone-Kalewa section and Cooperation in the Construction of Kalewa-Yagyi road section of the same Trilateral Highway. President Htin Kyaw was accompanied by spouse and also visited Bodh Gaya and Agra.

State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi undertook a State Visit to India on 17- 19 October 2016 after participating in the BRICS-BIMSTEC Outreach Summit 16 October, Goa, when she met Rashtrapatiji, PM and EAM. 3 MOUs on Power, Insurance and Banking supervision were signed. India assured support for creation of livelihoods, upgradation of skills, reconstruction of roads, power, education facilities and health infrastructure for Myanmar people.

High level visits since January 2018

Incoming to Myanmar:

Prime Minister also paid a State Visit to Myanmar (September 5-7, 2017), when he visited Nay Pyi Taw, Yangon and Bagan. High level engagement with a Myanmar dignitary was a meeting with President U Win Myint on the sidelines of the BIMSTEC Summit (August 30-31, 2018). 

EAM, Smt. Sushma Swaraj visited Nya Pyi Taw on 10-11 May 2018, and Foreign Secretary visited Nay Pyi Taw on 22 October 2018.

President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind and First Lady Smt. Savita Kovind paid a State Visit to Myanmar from 10 to 14 December 2018. During his visit he met with President U Win Myint and State Counsellor, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.

Outgoing from Myanmar:

State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi visited India during the 25th India-ASEAN Commemorative Summit in January 2018 and met with PM on the sidelines. An invitation for President of Myanmar, U Win Myint to visit India in 2019 was extended by President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind during his state visit, and the former has accepted it.


2019-04-26 13:25:19
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